Almond

Almonds on the tree ready for harvesting

Prunus dulcis, Prunus amygdalus

Almond (Wikipedia)

Almond
Botanical illustration
1897 illustration
Branch of tree with green fruits
Almond tree with ripening fruit. Majorca, Spain
Scientific classification edit
Kingdom:Plantae
Clade:Tracheophytes
Clade:Angiosperms
Clade:Eudicots
Clade:Rosids
Order:Rosales
Family:Rosaceae
Genus:Prunus
Subgenus:Prunus subg. Amygdalus
Species:
P. dulcis
Binomial name
Prunus dulcis
Synonyms
Synonymy
  • Amygdalus amara Duhamel
  • Amygdalus communis L.
  • Amygdalus dulcis Mill.
  • Amygdalus fragilis Borkh.
  • Amygdalus sativa Mill.
  • Druparia amygdalus Clairv.
  • Prunus amygdalus Batsch
  • Prunus communis (L.) Arcang.
  • Prunus communis Fritsch
  • Prunus ramonensis (Danin) Eisenman
  • Prunus stocksiana (Boiss.) Burkill

The almond (Prunus dulcis, syn. Prunus amygdalus) is a species of tree native to Iran and surrounding countries but widely cultivated elsewhere. The almond is also the name of the edible and widely cultivated seed of this tree. Within the genus Prunus, it is classified with the peach in the subgenus Amygdalus, distinguished from the other subgenera by corrugations on the shell (endocarp) surrounding the seed.[citation needed]

The fruit of the almond is a drupe, consisting of an outer hull and a hard shell with the seed, which is not a true nut, inside. Shelling almonds refers to removing the shell to reveal the seed. Almonds are sold shelled or unshelled. Blanched almonds are shelled almonds that have been treated with hot water to soften the seedcoat, which is then removed to reveal the white embryo.

Almond (Wiktionary)

English

Etymology

From Middle English almond, almaund, from Old French almande, amande, from Vulgar Latin *amendla, *amandula, from Latin amygdala, from Ancient Greek ἀμυγδάλη (amugdálē), of uncertain origin. Influenced by amandus and by many French and Spanish words of Arabic origin that began with the Arabic definite article al-.

Pronunciation

  • (Received Pronunciation) IPA(key): /ˈɑː(l).mənd/, /ˈɔː(l).mənd/
  • (General American) IPA(key): /ˈɑ(l).mənd/
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