|The first botanical illustration of|
Ferula assa-foetida (1712)
Outside its native range (such as Eastern Iran, Afghanistan, Central Asia), other asafoetida-producing species are often misidentified as F. assa-foetida. For example, F. foetida is mistaken for F. assa-foetida in Flora of the U.S.S.R. and Flora of Pakistan. In a molecular phylogenetic study, all the plant samples of F. assa-foetida collected in Central Iran were clustered with other species such as F. alliacea and F. gabrielii instead of with the verified sample of F. assa-foetida collected in Southern Iran. Chemical analyses of asafoetida samples obtained from local markets also showed that asafoetida-producing species in Eastern Iran were F. lutensis, F. foetida, F. alliacea, etc., instead of F. assa-foetida.
- assafetida (dated)
- assafoetida, assa-fœtida
Late Middle English, from Medieval Latin asafoetida, from Persian ازا / آزا (azâ, âzâ, “mastic”) + Latin foetida, feminine of foetidus (“bad-smelling”).
- IPA(key): /ˌæsəˈfɛtɪdə/
- A resinous gum from the stem and roots of genus Ferula, especially