Withania somnifera, known commonly as ashwagandha, Indian ginseng, poison gooseberry, or winter cherry, is an annual evergreen shrub in the Solanaceae or nightshade family that grows in India, the Middle East, and parts of Africa. Several other species in the genus Withania are morphologically similar. Although thought to be useful as a medicinal herb in Ayurveda and sold in many countries as a dietary supplement, there is insufficient scientific evidence that it is safe or effective for treating any disease. Because of its lack of demonstrated efficacy and possible side-effects, it is currently not recommended for any condition.
Sanskrit अश्वगन्ध (aśvagandha, “horse’s smell”)
- IPA(key): /ˌʌʃwəˈɡʌndə/
ashwagandha (plural ashwagandhas)
- Withania somnifera, a stout shrub that produces red berry-like fruit, native to India, Pakistan and Sri Lanka.
- (Withania somnifera): Indian ginseng, winter cherry, poison gooseberry, ajagandha, kanaje hindi, samm al ferakh