Caraway

Caraway seeds in a spoon on wooden surface

Carum carvi

Caraway (Wikipedia)

Caraway
Carum carvi - Köhler–s Medizinal-Pflanzen-172.jpg
Scientific classification edit
Kingdom:Plantae
Clade:Tracheophytes
Clade:Angiosperms
Clade:Eudicots
Clade:Asterids
Order:Apiales
Family:Apiaceae
Genus:Carum
Species:
C. carvi
Binomial name
Carum carvi

Caraway, also known as meridian fennel and Persian cumin (Carum carvi), is a biennial plant in the family Apiaceae, native to western Asia, Europe, and North Africa.

The plant is similar in appearance to other members of the carrot family, with finely divided, feathery leaves with thread-like divisions, growing on 20–30 cm (8–12 in) stems. The main flower stem is 40–60 cm (16–24 in) tall, with small white or pink flowers in umbels. Caraway fruits, commonly (erroneously) called seeds, are crescent-shaped achenes, around2 mm (116 in) long, with five pale ridges.

Caraway
Nutritional value per 100 g (3.5 oz)
Energy1,390 kJ (330 kcal)
49.90 g
Sugars0.64 g
Dietary fiber38.0 g
14.59 g
Saturated0.620 g
Monounsaturated7.125 g
Polyunsaturated3.272 g
19.77 g
VitaminsQuantity %DV
Vitamin A equiv.
2%
18 μg
Thiamine (B1)
33%
0.383 mg
Riboflavin (B2)
32%
0.379 mg
Niacin (B3)
24%
3.606 mg
Vitamin B6
28%
0.360 mg
Folate (B9)
3%
10 μg
Vitamin C
25%
21.0 mg
Vitamin E
17%
2.5 mg
Vitamin K
0%
0 μg
MineralsQuantity %DV
Calcium
69%
689 mg
Iron
125%
16.23 mg
Magnesium
73%
258 mg
Phosphorus
81%
568 mg
Potassium
29%
1351 mg
Sodium
1%
17 mg
Zinc
58%
5.5 mg
Other constituentsQuantity
Water9.87 g
Percentages are roughly approximated using US recommendations for adults.
Source: USDA FoodData Central
Caraway (Wiktionary)

English

Etymology

From Middle English caraway, carewey, carwey, from Medieval Latin carui, from Arabic كَرَاوِيَا(karāwiyā), via Aramaic from Ancient Greek καρώ (karṓ), κάρον (káron, caraway).

Pronunciation

  • IPA(key): /ˈkæɹəˌweɪ/

Noun

caraway (countable and uncountable, plural caraways)

  1. A biennial plant
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