Century Plant

Agave americana plant

Century plant is a desert plant with thick leaves, which occurs mainly in Mexico and Central America, but also on the Canary Islands. The plant sap of the agave is used in Mexico to distill schnapps, the well-known Mezcal. Also a diabetic suitable sugar substitute is produced from the thick juice of the century plant. Agave syrup is also very popular.


Scientific name
Agave americana.

Plant family

Other names
Agave, Sentry plant, Maguey, American aloe, Agave cactus, American agave.

Plant parts used

Oxalic acid, rhamnose, saponins, xylose.

Medicinal properties

Healing effects

        • Antibacterial
        • Diuretic
        • Natural sweetener
        • Constipation

Application method

        • Orally

Attention!! Slightly toxic! And the juice can irritate the skin! Only use in ready-to-use preparations, homeopathically or externally, always in low doses.


Agave_americana (Wikipedia)

Agave americana
Agave americana R01.jpg
Scientific classification edit
A. americana
Binomial name
Agave americana
Synonyms list
    • Agave altissima Zumagl.
    • Agave americana var. marginata Trel.
    • Agave americana var. mediopicta Trel.
    • Agave americana var. picta (Salm-Dyck) A.Terracc.
    • Agave americana f. picta (Salm-Dyck) Voss
    • Agave americana var. striata Trel.
    • Agave americana var. subtilis (Trel.) Valenz.-Zap. & Nabhan
    • Agave americana var. theometel (Zuccagni) A.Terracc.
    • Agave americana var. variegata Hook.
    • Agave americana f. virginica Voss
    • Agave communis Gaterau
    • Agave complicata Trel. ex Ochot.
    • Agave cordillerensis Lodé & Pino
    • Agave felina Trel.
    • Agave fuerstenbergii Jacobi
    • Agave gracilispina (Rol.-Goss.) Engelm. ex Trel.
    • Agave ingens A.Berger
    • Agave melliflua Trel.
    • Agave milleri Haw.
    • Agave ornata Jacobi
    • Agave picta Salm-Dyck
    • Agave ramosa Moench
    • Agave salmiana var. gracilispina Rol.-Goss
    • Agave subtilis Trel.
    • Agave subzonata Trel.
    • Agave theometel Zuccagni
    • Agave variegata Steud.
    • Agave virginica Mill. 1768, non L. 1753
    • Agave zonata Trel.
Plant in bloom: the flower stalk may reach up to 8 m (26 ft) in height

Agave americana, common names sentry plant, century plant, maguey or American aloe, is a species of flowering plant in the family Asparagaceae, native to Mexico and the United States in Texas. It is cultivated worldwide as an ornamental plant, and has been naturalized in many regions, including parts of the West Indies, South America, the southern Mediterranean Basin, Africa, India, China, Thailand, and Australia.

Despite the common name "American aloe", it is not closely related to plants in the genus Aloe.

Blossoms of maguey agave
Century Plant (Wiktionary)



So named because the plant may live for several decades before producing flowers. Once a plant flowers and produces seeds, it dies.


century plant (plural century plants)

  1. An agave (Agave americana) originally from Mexico but cultivated worldwide.


  • American aloe, maguey


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