Chayote

group of raw, fresh and organic chayote, whole and sliced on rustic wooden table

Sechium edule

Synonyms:
Mirliton, Choko
Chayote (Wikipedia)

Chayote
Chayote BNC.jpg
Chayote fruit
Chayote cross section BNC.jpg
Chayote fruit cut lengthwise
Scientific classification edit
Kingdom:Plantae
Clade:Tracheophytes
Clade:Angiosperms
Clade:Eudicots
Clade:Rosids
Order:Cucurbitales
Family:Cucurbitaceae
Genus:Sechium
Species:
S. edule
Binomial name
Sechium edule
Synonyms
Chayote, fruit, raw
Nutritional value per 100 g (3.5 oz)
Energy80 kJ (19 kcal)
4.51 g
Sugars1.66 g
Dietary fiber1.7 g
0.13 g
0.82 g
VitaminsQuantity
%DV
Thiamine (B1)
2%
0.025 mg
Riboflavin (B2)
2%
0.029 mg
Niacin (B3)
3%
0.47 mg
Pantothenic acid (B5)
5%
0.249 mg
Vitamin B6
6%
0.076 mg
Folate (B9)
23%
93 μg
Vitamin C
9%
7.7 mg
Vitamin E
1%
0.12 mg
Vitamin K
4%
4.1 μg
MineralsQuantity
%DV
Calcium
2%
17 mg
Iron
3%
0.34 mg
Magnesium
3%
12 mg
Phosphorus
3%
18 mg
Potassium
3%
125 mg
Zinc
8%
0.74 mg

Percentages are roughly approximated using US recommendations for adults.
Source: USDA FoodData Central

Chayote (Sechium edule), also known as mirliton, güisquil, pipinola and choko, is an edible plant belonging to the gourd family, Cucurbitaceae. This fruit was first cultivated in the Mesoamericas between southern Mexico and Honduras, with the most genetic diversity available in both Mexico and Guatemala. It is one of the several foods introduced to the Old World during the Columbian Exchange. Also during this period, the plant spread from to other parts of the Americas, ultimately causing it to be integrated into the cuisine of many other Latin American nations.

The chayote fruit is mostly used cooked. When cooked, chayote is usually handled like summer squash; it is generally lightly cooked to retain the crispy consistency. Raw chayote may be added to salads or salsas, most often marinated with lemon or lime juice, but is often regarded as especially unpalatable and tough in texture. Whether raw or cooked, chayote is a good source of vitamin C.

Although most people are familiar only with the fruit as being edible, the root, stem, seeds and leaves are edible as well. The tubers of the plant are eaten like potatoes and other root vegetables, while the shoots and leaves are often consumed in salads and stir fries, especially in Asia.

Chayote (Wiktionary)

English

Etymology

From Spanish chayote, from Classical Nahuatl chayohtli.

Pronunciation

  • (US) IPA(key): /tʃɑˈjoʊti/
  • (UK) IPA(key): /ˈtʃeɪəʊti/

Noun

chayote (countable and uncountable, plural chayotes)

  1. Sechium edule, a tropical American perennial herbaceous vine having tendrils, tuberous roots, and a green, pear-shaped fruit cooked as a vegetable.
    Synonym: mirliton
  2. The fruit of this plant.

Synonyms

  • choko, chocho, christophine, vegetable
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