Chickpea

Raw chickpeas in paper bag on wooden background. Healthy food
Synonyms:
Garbanzo, Bengal Gram
Categories: Medicinal Plant
Chickpea (Wikipedia)

Chickpeas
The two main types of chickpea: the larger light tan Kabuli and variously coloured Desi chickpea. They are green when picked early and vary through tan or beige, speckled, dark brown to black. 75% of world production is of the smaller desi type. The larger garbanzo bean or hoummus was introduced into India in the 18th century.
Dried chickpeas. The larger light tan Kabuli and variously coloured Desi are the two main types of chickpea. They are green when picked early and vary through tan or beige, speckled, dark brown to black. 75% of world production is of the smaller desi type.
Sprouted chickpea
Sprouted chickpea
Scientific classification edit
Kingdom:Plantae
Clade:Tracheophytes
Clade:Angiosperms
Clade:Eudicots
Clade:Rosids
Order:Fabales
Family:Fabaceae
Genus:Cicer
Species:
C. arietinum
Binomial name
Cicer arietinum
Synonyms
  • Cicer album hort.
  • Cicer arientinium L. [Spelling variant]
  • Cicer arientinum L. [Spelling variant]
  • Cicer edessanum Bornm.
  • Cicer grossum Salisb.
  • Cicer nigrum hort.
  • Cicer physodes Rchb.
  • Cicer rotundum Alef.
  • Cicer sativum Schkuhr
  • Cicer sintenisii Bornm.
  • Ononis crotalarioides M.E.Jones
Cicer arietinum noirMHNT

The chickpea or chick pea (Cicer arietinum) is an annual legume of the family Fabaceae, subfamily Faboideae. Its different types are variously known as gram or Bengal gram, garbanzo or garbanzo bean, or Egyptian pea. Chickpea seeds are high in protein. It is one of the earliest cultivated legumes, and 9500-year-old remains have been found in the Middle East. The larger, also known as the garbanzo bean or hoummus, was introduced into India in the 18th century.

The chickpea is a key ingredient in Mediterranean and Middle Eastern cuisines, used in hummus, and, when ground into flour, falafel. It also is important in Indian cuisine, used in salads, soups and stews, and curry, in chana masala, and in other meal products like channa. In 2019, India was responsible for 70% of global chickpea production.

Chickpea (Wiktionary)

English

Alternative forms

  • chick pea

Etymology

Calque of French pois chiche, from pois (pea) + chiche, from Latin cicer (chickpea).

Pronunciation

  • IPA(key): /ˈtʃɪkˌpiː/
  • Hyphenation: chick‧pea

Noun

chickpea (plural chickpeas)

  1. An annual Asian plant (Cicer arietinum) in the pea family, widely cultivated for the edible seeds in its short inflated pods.
    Synonyms: Bengal gram,
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