Collard Greens

Overhead photo of the heart of a collard plant.  Collard greens are a variety of cabbage, grown over winter and a good source of vitamins A and C.

Wild Cabbage

Brassica oleracea var. viridis

Collard_(plant) (Wikipedia)
Collard
Collard-Greens-Bundle.jpg
A bundle of collard greens
SpeciesBrassica oleracea
Cultivar groupAcephala Group
OriginGreece
Cultivar group membersMany; see text.
Young Collard in agricultural land, these are the young plants which have came out of soil after harsh winters in Kashmir.

Collard refers to certain loose-leafed cultivars of Brassica oleracea, the same species as many common vegetables, including cabbage (Capitata Group) and broccoli (Italica Group). Collard is a member of the Viridis Group of Brassica oleracea. American collard cultivars are more correctly placed in the Viridis cultivar group due to a high genetic similarity with cabbage, although older publications often include them within the Acephala Group (kale). The name "collard" comes from the word "colewort" (a medieval term for non-heading brassica crops).

The plants are grown as a food crop for their large, dark-green, edible leaves, mainly in Kashmir, Brazil, Portugal, Zimbabwe, the southern United States, Tanzania, Kenya, Uganda, the Balkans, Italy, and northern Spain. Collard greens have been eaten for at least 2000 years, with evidence showing that the ancient Greeks cultivated several types of collard, as well as kale.

Collard Greens (Wiktionary)

English

Etymology

Attribution of collard to greens.

Noun

collard greens pl (plural only)

  1. A form of Brassica oleracea, sometimes called Brassica oleracea var. acephala or Brassica oleracea var. viridis, similar to kale, that is a popular food in the rural southern United States.

Translations

Further reading

  • collard greens on Wikipedia.Wikipedia
  • Brassica oleracea on Wikispecies.Wikispecies
  • Brassica oleracea on Wikimedia Commons.Wikimedia Commons
  • collard greens at USDA Plants database
  • collard greens on Integrated Taxonomic Information System.
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