Elderberry

ripe elderberries hanging from a tree on a sunny day

Sambucus nigra

Sambucus_nigra (Wikipedia)

Sambucus nigra
Sambucus nigra 004.jpg
Shrub in flower
Scientific classification edit
Kingdom:Plantae
Clade:Tracheophytes
Clade:Angiosperms
Clade:Eudicots
Clade:Asterids
Order:Dipsacales
Family:Adoxaceae
Genus:Sambucus
Species:
S. nigra
Binomial name
Sambucus nigra

Sambucus nigra is a species complex of flowering plants in the family Adoxaceae native to most of Europe and North America. Common names include elder, elderberry, black elder, European elder, European elderberry, and European black elderberry. It grows in a variety of conditions including both wet and dry fertile soils, primarily in sunny locations. The plant is a very common feature of hedgerows and scrubland in Britain and northern Europe, but is also widely grown as an ornamental shrub or small tree. Both the flowers and the berries have a long tradition of culinary use, primarily for cordial and wine. The Latin specific epithet nigra means "black", and refers to the deeply dark colour of the berries.

Although elderberry is commonly used in dietary supplements and traditional medicine, there is no scientific evidence that it provides any benefit for maintaining health or treating diseases.

Elderberry (Wiktionary)

English

Etymology

elder +‎ berry

Pronunciation

  • IPA(key): /ˈɛldə(ɹ)ˌbɛɹi/

Noun

elderberry (plural elderberries)

  1. The elder; a shrub or tree of the genus Sambucus.
  2. The small, edible, purplish-black fruit of this plant, used in cooking and to flavour drinks etc.

Translations

See also

  • sambuca

Further reading

  • sambucus on Wikipedia.Wikipedia
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