|European pear branch with fruit|
Pyrus domestica (L.) Ehrh.
It is one of the most important fruits of temperate regions, being the species from which most orchard pear cultivars grown in Europe, North America, and Australia have been developed. Two other species of pear, the Nashi pear (Pyrus pyrifolia) and the hybrid Chinese white or ya pear (Pyrus × bretschneideri, Chinese: 白梨; pinyin: báilí) are more widely grown in East Asia.
From Middle English pere, from Old English pere, common North and West Germanic, from Vulgar Latin *pira, originally the plural of Latin pirum but reconstrued as a feminine singular. Cognate with Saterland Frisian Peere (“pear”), Dutch peer (“pear”), Danish pære (“pear”), French poire (“pear”), German Birne (“pear”)...