Peyote

Peyote cactus with flower

Lophophora williamsii, Lophophora diffusa

Peyote (Wikipedia)

Peyote
Peyote Cactus.jpg
Peyote in the wild
Scientific classification edit
Kingdom:Plantae
Clade:Tracheophytes
Clade:Angiosperms
Clade:Eudicots
Order:Caryophyllales
Family:Cactaceae
Subfamily:Cactoideae
Genus:Lophophora
Species:
L. williamsii
Binomial name
Lophophora williamsii
Synonyms

Echinocactus williamsii Lemaire ex Salm-Dyck
Lophophora lewinii (K. Schumann) Rusby
Lophophora echinata Croizat
Lophophora fricii Habermann
L. williamsii var. fricii (Habermann) Grym
L. diffusa subsp. fricii (Habermann) Halda
Lophophora jourdaniana Haberman

The peyote /pˈti/, scientific name Lophophora williamsii /ləˈfɒfərə wɪliˈæmzi/, is a small, spineless cactus with psychoactive alkaloids, particularly mescaline. Peyote is a Spanish word derived from the Nahuatl peyōtl [ˈpejoːt͡ɬ], meaning "caterpillar cocoon", from a root peyōni, "to glisten". Peyote is native to Mexico and southwestern Texas. It is found primarily in the Sierra Madre Occidental, the Chihuahuan Desert and in the states of Nayarit, Coahuila, Nuevo León, Tamaulipas, and San Luis Potosí among scrub. It flowers from March to May, and sometimes as late as September. The flowers are pink, with thigmotactic anthers (like Opuntia).

Known for its psychoactive properties when ingested, peyote has a long history of ritualistic and medicinal use by indigenous North Americans. Peyote contains the hallucinogen mescaline.

Peyote (Wiktionary)

English

Etymology

From Spanish peyote, from Classical Nahuatl peyotl.

Pronunciation

  • IPA(key): /peɪˈjoʊti/

Noun

peyote (plural peyotes)

  1. A small, spineless cactus (Lophophora williamsii) found from southwest United States to central Mexico that produces buttonlike tubercles that can be chewed for its psychedelic effect, primarily from the drug mescaline.
  2. A mescal button produced by the plant.

Synonyms

  • (Lophophora williamsii): mescal

Translations

Further reading

  • peyote on
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