Hummingbird (archilochus colubris) in flight with lavender flowers

Hummingbirds and butterflies could be attracted to your garden space with the inclusion of lots of flower-producing vines, shrubs, and trees which may be planted for this purpose. This guide will list several varieties to get you off to a fantastic start.

Nectar factor

Some of the hardier plants that butterflies love because of their nectar include Agapanthus africanus’Peter Pan’; Shasta Daisy, (Chrysanthemum maximum); Dianthus species, notably D.’Allwoodii’, D. caryophyllus, D. deltoides, D. caesius, and D. plumarius: the Purple Coneflower, (Echinacea purpurea); and the hybrid Gaillardia X grandiflora.

If your backyard includes herbs, butterflies are known to have a fondness for Borago officinalis, whose tender leaves are delicious in salads. They’re also partial to Rosmarinus officinalis, whose leaves are used as a seasoning and the flowers may be used in salads. A slightly bigger addition to your herb garden may be the “Chaste Tree” (Vitex agnus-castus), a deciduous, manageable shrub or small tree that generates a enormous display of fragrant purple flowers, which may be utilised in desert lavender sachets. (If the flowers are permitted to go to seed, the seeds of the plant could be steeped in water to create an herbal tea that’s used by many as a hormonal balancing treatment.)


Hummingbirds love the trumpet-shaped blossoms of many flowering vines in the Bignoniaceae family which will climb a fence or drape in your balcony railing. The hardiest of them is the Trumpet Vine (Campsis radicans), whose rapid growth makes it a fantastic choice as a fast summer screen on a fence or balcony rail, even in places where it’s killed to the ground in deep winter freezes. They’ll go to the orange tubed and scarlet lobed flowers from mid-summer into collapse. Less hardy but very showy is that the Cape Honeysuckle (Tacoma capensis), using its orange-red flowers on a vine which may ramble 20-30 feet if enabled, but that may be pruned to create a compact vertical balcony or garden tree.

Every little as flashy is its tree-like relative, the “Yellow Trumpet Tree” (Tecoma stans), which might die back in hard freezes, but again, pruning will create a seasonal shrub-like plant whose new growth in spring begins quickly. Other helpful plants for patio or balcony are streamlined forms of the Strawberry tree (Arbutus unedo), and a number of the bottle-brushes, such as Callistemon viminalis “Captain Cook,” whose compact compact form creates bright red flower brushes. The Arbutus and a few of the bottle-brushes can be retained to six feet tall. Finally. If your garden and zone allow, Eucalyptus nicholii and Eucalyptus gunnii are just two of the more cold hardy varieties. Both grow fast but may be kept relatively short for several years. Most of the Eucalyptus are loved by hummingbirds, providing both blossom nectar and nesting habitat.

Balcony and Backyard

Balcony or backyard gardeners specializing in bonsai need not feel left out. There are numerous plants which will attract adult butterflies and hummingbirds that may also be efficiently grown as bonsai. Both Japanese wisteria (Wisteria floribunda) and Chinese wisteria (Wisteria sinensis) are spectacular bonsai plants with pronounced trunks and masses of flowers. The Japanese wisteria blossoms with foliage out over a longer period, while the Chinese wisteria blossoms before leaf out, but the blossoms almost all open at the same time for a spectacular show.

The flowering Quince (Chaenomeles sp.) Make interesting bonsai subjects. The quince are one of the first tiny trees and shrubs to bloom each season and are nearly bullet-proof to grow. They take extremes of heat and cold and aren’t picky about soil. A particularly great variety quince for bonsai is Chaenomeles’Contorta’, which is a low-grower and generally has twisted branches that lends character to its kind as a bonsai. Many kinds of flowering quince bear little quince-like fruit. Most of the varieties are a bit thorny.

In this article I have just listed some of the different kinds of plants which could be added to your own garden area which will be inviting to hummingbirds and butterflies. The plants you select need to reach flowering size inside the limits of your garden area and must be hardy to your climate zone. Additionally it is important to note I have not recorded the plants which promote butterfly egg yolks and larva development. My aim is to supply varieties of plants which won’t necessitate an increase in pestcide usage. If, on the other hand, you become a fanatic and are ready to take larva damage, you can contact your local nursery or email the author for a list of larva-inviting plants to improve your gardens.


Keep in mind that there’ll be plants that are particular to your area as known attractants. Check with your regional Ornithology and Lepidoterist societies to narrow or expand your listing of plants that will raise the visitations. Right away, the atmosphere around your backyard will be living with the whispering wings of the welcome people.