Typically, 3 out of 4 women will experience a certain degree of morning sickness with pregnancy. For a small proportion of those girls, their “morning sickness” is far from only a normal part of pregnancy. If your morning sickness is severe, you might be among the unfortunate victims of Hyperemesis Gravidarum.
What’s Hyperemesis Gravidarum?
Hyperemesis Gravidarum (HG) is a really severe form of morning sickness. It’s described as intense nausea, dehydration, nutritional deficiencies, and electrolyte imbalances together with a first trimester weight loss of approximately 10 percent of your normal body weight.
Most affected girls have numerous episodes of nausea during the day with few if any symptom-free intervals, especially during the first 3 months. This may cause hospitalization. Although usually resolved by 21 weeks, often it lasts the whole pregnancy.
What Casues HG?
There are many theories concerning the etiology of HG, however, none are conclusive as of yet. The most commonly held belief is that the increase in HCG and estrogen hormones in early pregnancy is the cause.
If I have extreme morning sickness, I’ve HG?
Not necessarily. Extreme nausea and vomiting in pregnancy can indicate other potentially serious ailments such as:
- hydatidiform mole, which is an abnormal tumorous growth of the placenta
- multiple pregnancy (twins, etc. )
- viral gastroenteritis
- food poisoning
- hepatitis A
- hepatitis B
- hepatitis C
- urinary tract disease
- cholecystitis, which is an inflammation of the gallbladder
It’s important to go to your doctor for diagnosis.
How is it Diagnosed?
Diagnosis is based on a history of the woman’s symptoms and a physical examination. Lab tests can also be done to search for signs of dehydration and electrolyte imbalances. Signs may include:
- low blood pressure
- rapid pulse
- ketones, or the breakdown of fat in the urine
- increased blood count, or hematocrit
- reduced potassium level in blood
- low urine output
- highly concentrated urine
Tests which may help to rule out other disorders include:
- serum for hepatitis testing
- liver function tests
- ultrasound to Check out gallbladder
- urinalysis and culture to check for bacteria
- ultrasound to Search for a tumorous growth of the placenta
Can it be Prevented?
Unfortunately, there’s no known prevention — just remedy.
Will HG hurt my baby?
Some studies reveal that some women who have HG will have low birthweight infants. However, the great news is that the majority of women with HG do have healthy babies.
Proper medical supervision is critical. If HG is left untreated, the mother may become so metabolically imbalanced that abortion is suggested to save the life of the mother. However, it ought to be considered only a last resort.
What are the long-term effects of the condition?
Properly handled, HG generally doesn’t pose serious long-term issues for the mother or baby.
Hoe kan het behandeld worden?
Treatments differ from diet modification, medications, herbs and vitamins to homeopathy, accupressure, and chiropractic. Discuss your best options with your physician.
This report is only a brief overview. If you think you could be suffering from Hyperemesis Gravidarum, please consult with your physician as soon as possible.