Flor isolada de alfafa. A alfafa, Medicago sativa, também chamada de lucerna, é uma planta de flor perene da família das ervilhas. É cultivada como uma importante cultura forrageira em muitos países do mundo.

Medicago sativa

Alfalfa (Wikipedia)

75 Medicago sativa L.jpg
Medicago sativa
Scientific classification edit
Section:M. sect. Medicago
M. sativa
Binomial name
Medicago sativa
  • M. sativa subsp. ambigua (Trautv.) Tutin
  • M. sativa subsp. microcarpa Urban
  • M. sativa subsp. sativa
  • M. sativa subsp. varia (T. Martyn) Arcang.
    • Medica sativa Lam.
    • Medicago afganica (Bordere) Vassilcz.
    • Medicago beipinensis Vassilcz.
    • Medicago coerulea Ledeb. [Spelling variant]
    • Medicago grandiflora (Grossh.) Vassilcz.
    • Medicago hemicycla Grossh.
    • Medicago ladak Vassilcz.
    • Medicago lavrenkoi Vassilcz.
    • Medicago media Pers.
    • Medicago mesopotamica Vassilcz.
    • Medicago ochroleuca Kult.
    • Medicago orientalis Vassilcz.
    • Medicago polia (Brand) Vassilcz.
    • Medicago praesativa Sinskaya
    • Medicago rivularis Vassilcz.
    • Medicago sogdiana (Brand) Vassilcz.
    • Medicago subdicycla (Trautv.) Vassilcz.
    • Medicago sylvestris Fr.
    • Medicago tianschanica Vassilcz.
    • Medicago tibetana (Alef.) Vassilcz.
    • Medicago trautvetteri Sumnev.
    • Medicago varia Martyn
    • Trigonella upendrae H.J.Chowdhery & R.R.Rao
A close up of Alfalfa Sprouts, which are commonly used as a garnish on soups or as a filling in sandwiches and salads.

Alfalfa (/ælˈfælfə/) (Medicago sativa), also called lucerne, is a perennial flowering plant in the legume family Fabaceae. It is cultivated as an important forage crop in many countries around the world. It is used for grazing, hay, and silage, as well as a green manure and cover crop. The name alfalfa is used in North America. The name lucerne is the more commonly used name in the United Kingdom, South Africa, Australia, and New Zealand. The plant superficially resembles clover (a cousin in the same family), especially while young, when trifoliate leaves comprising round leaflets predominate. Later in maturity, leaflets are elongated. It has clusters of small purple flowers followed by fruits spiralled in 2 to 3 turns containing 10–20 seeds. Alfalfa is native to warmer temperate climates. It has been cultivated as livestock fodder since at least the era of the ancient Greeks and Romans. Alfalfa sprouts are a common ingredient in dishes made in South Indian cuisine.

Alfalfa (Wiktionary)



From Spanish alfalfa, from early form alfalfez, from Arabic الْفِصْفِصَة(al-fiṣfiṣa), الْفَصْفَصَة(al-faṣfaṣa, alfalfa, lucerne, literally horse-food).


  • IPA(key): /ælˈfælfə/


alfalfa (countable and uncountable, plural alfalfas)

  1. (uncountable) A plant, principally of Medicago sativa, grown as a pasture crop.
    Synonym: lucerne (British)
« Voltar ao Índice do Glossário