Displeased young woman squeezing acne on her nose while looking in mirror at home

A patient once had requested to a physician about what did he need to do to take decent care of his nose. The physician simply and straightforwardly responded to the individual that what was important was what not to do to your nose.

Avoid Bad Habits

Bad habits like nose-picking, sniffing, rubbing, blowing off the noses hard or stuffing things like tissue and handkerchiefs up into the nostril can do lots of damage to your nose. Generally, nose will take decent care by itself. Physiologically, once we breathe in air in our lung, nose will warm, clean and humidify it. When we breathe out the air from our lung, it is going to cool and remove the water from the atmosphere. Besides using for breathing, nose is also the organ of smell and enables us to speech with an excellent voice. Anatomically, a layer of epidermis covers the external part of the nose. Appearance of the nose is maintained by a complex network of cartilage and bone. Its shape and function may be changed if its complicated network of cartilage and bone has been damaged by trauma or disease.

Internal region of the nose

It comprises respiratory mucous membranes, paranasal sinuses, nasolacrimal duct and nasopharynx. Besides these sinuses, inner part of the nose also comprises gland which secreting mucous. Tiny-hair-like-cilia continuously pushes the secreted mucous backward into the rear of our nose and throat, so that, mucus doesn’t flow from our nostrils. Septum is the partition in the center portion of the inner nose. It’s a cartilage, which can be easily fractured. Some people today septum has deviated after born and some deviation may because of the unperceived injury during childhood. This will result in congestion on one side of their nose. However, this deviation can be corrected by an operation.

About Mucus

Contents of mucus are only a combination of water, ions, glycoproteins and immunoglobulins. Mucus is said as a member of the rectal defense system and it keeps the nose clean and free of germs, viruses and parasites. At the roof of the nose, there’s olfactory mucosa, which is responsible for our sense of smell. Located at the side along with the nasal cavity are the air sacs paranasal sinuses. There are total four pairs of paranasal sinuses and given name as maxillary, ethmoid, frontal and sphenoid sinuses. This is where the mucous was generated and being emptied out through the openings called ostium. Infection that causes obstruction to this mucous outflow may result in sinusitis. Conditions that directly and indirectly impact the nose are common colds, allergic rhinitis, sinusitis and nasal polyps.

Frio comum

It is a very common disease that everyone can endure at one time or another. It’s caused by an infection of self-limiting viral. The indicators are generation of excessive clear mucous (runny nose), sneezing and nasal congestion. Seriousness of the disease is based on how powerful our immune system and how vigorous the viruses which attack us. If we have a strong immune system, this disorder won’t exacerbate to sinusitis, asthma and Otitis Media with Effusion (OME).

People with weak immune system will endure a good deal more. This is because it not only causes runny nose but also causes inflammation in the nasal passages and sore throat. If this disease doesn’t treat within a couple of days for the one who doesn’t have a strong immune system, it may exacerbate to sinusitis, asthma and Otitis Media with Effusion (OME). This disease can quickly spread through body to body close contact particularly hand to hand contact, coughing saliva and mucous droplets. To recover from this disease, infected individual only needs to keep warm, rest and have a good deal of warm water. According to all the resources, there’s absolutely no cure for common cold. However, doctor usually prescribes antibiotic, anti-fever medication and anti-cough syrup into the patience. Most of the medical doctor will also incorporate a few supplements like vitamin C, zinc and Echinacea. Prescribed antibiotic by the physician isn’t for treating the common cold virus. This is because antibiotic isn’t able to kill virus. However, it may kill bacteria which take advantage during the disease of cold viruses.

Allergic rhinitis

It is also referred to as sensitive nose. Symptoms of the disease are constant coughing, sinus congestion and runny nose. The symptoms arise only when a person has been exposed to specific allergens like house dust-mite, pollen, fungi, cigarette smoke, animal dandruff, furs and other irritating volatile chemicals. Sufferer can take anti-histamine pills to alleviate this disease. Histamine is the main compound which causes sensitive feeling from the nasal cavity. Nasal sprays comprises corticosteroid hormone, which helps decrease our body immune system sensitivity to the foreign antigen, also can help relieve the sensitive feeling from the nasal cavity. Corticosteroid is one of hormone that’s been secreted from our adrenalin gland. Besides these, immunotherapy is also one of the means which could be used to treat this disorder. These symptoms can also be relieved by having regular exercise


It is caused by the infection of the bacteria and parasites into the paranasal sinuses. This occurs when bacteria and fungi entering these cavities. Occurrence of sinusitis is because of inflammation, nasal polyps and other nasal anatomical abnormalities which block the mucosal outflow. Patient with sinusitis generally feels pressure or pain in the forehead or face. It’s fairly common that yellow and greenish mucous will be discharged out of your nostril particularly in the morning. One with chamomile, sense of smell will reduce or not that sharp when compared with healthy nose. Sinusitis is because of the bacteria and fungi infection, so, antibiotics might help. However, prolonged and frequent sufferers might want to go through surgery to clean up the nasal sinuses.

Nasal polyps

They are a grape-like swellings found in nasal cavity. They have a tendency to block the air to flow through the nasal passage when breathing. Usually, it is going to lead to creation of excessive mucous. Sometimes, it is going to block the ostium of the paranasal sinuses and cause the nasal mucous cannot be flowed out readily from the paranasal sinuses. This can give rise to chamomile. Nasal sprays can control nasal polyps. Some nasal sprays can make the nasal polyps shrank temporarily. However, prolonged use will cause the nasal polyps rebound and become larger. But if the nasal polyps are large and multiple and cause obstruction in the nasal cavity, surgery must remove them. Unfortunately, they’re a recurring disease.