Hands are holding composted earth.

How Does Composting Work? It’s the breakdown of cells and chemicals into simpler substances, which act as soil nutrients. Put a pile of leaves, a cardboard box and a watermelon in your backyard, exposed to the elements, and they’ll eventually decompose. How long each takes to break down depends upon a number of variables.


      • What are the substances made from
      • How much surface area is exposed
      • The availability of air and moisture

Organic Materials

Backyard composting is a procedure designed to hasten the breakdown or decomposing of organic materials. Let us take a close look at how we control the process and speed up things. Here I use the microbes, including microscopic organisms and worms amongst a lot of “things.”

Microbes reside in the soil; they’re the secret to composting. Normally, they consume little tidbits of organic matter such as leaves and twigs that nature provides. The more these microbes need to eat the more effective they can get the job done. Plenty of these things you call waste – as an example, banana peels, rotten apples, brown wilted lettuce, fallen leaves and weeds from the garden – are food for these germs. Meat products shouldn’t be used.

Nitrogen Inside Foods

If a compost pile smells it’s due to meat products. They will eventually break down, but beef slows down the composting procedure. Microbes need nitrogen and carbon. Some items high in carbon include newspaper, sawdust, wood chips, straw, and leaves. Some items high in nitrogen include meals, grass clippings, and manures. Make certain to include a combination of wastes high in nitrogen on your compost pile. The smaller the balls are the quicker they will break down. So cut that apple up. Split those twigs, your compost pile will reward you for your attempt.

Surface Microorganisms

The more surface area the microorganisms need to work on, the faster the materials will decompose. It’s similar to a block of ice in the sun: slow to melt when it’s big, but melting very quickly when broken into smaller bits. Chopping your garden wastes using a scoop or a machete, or running them through a shredding machine or lawnmower will increase their surface area, thus speeding up your composting.

Sufficient air in the heap encourages microbial growth and rates decomposition. We have all had the experience of smelling a mass of wet grass clippings

Ability For Air For Inside

Be sure your compost container had holes to allow air to enter the compost pile. These microbes need air to survive. If at all possible, stir or turn your compost pile every week or so to let in more air. If you don’t get enough air in your compost pile, other organisms take over and give a nasty. They also work a lot slower. I believe that you would prefer on your compost pile! Also, wet your mulch pile. Your compost pile should be about as moist as a sponge which has just been wrung out. If there isn’t much rain, add water into your compost pile.

Air Temperature Inside Compost Bin

Compost piles should vary in temperatures of about 90 to 140 degrees Fahrenheit or 32 to 60 degrees Celsius. Higher temperatures produce will kill significant disease organisms and fly larvae, help kill weed seeds, and provide a fantastic environment for the very best decomposer organisms If the temperature is too low on your compost pile, many of your microbes will die, and many other germs will take over. You understand the slow smelly ones.

How Heating Affects Creating Soil Compost

The plant matter will require moisture and heat for quick breakdown. The summer sun will offer the heat, but it’ll be the gardener’s duty to soak the compost area from time to time for the moisture.

Size Of Compost Pile

If your compost pile is too small, it’ll be cold. The best way to keep it warm is to construct a heap at least three feet x three feet x three feet (1 meter x 1 meter x 1 meter).
Extremes of sun, wind, or rain can adversely affect this balance on your heap.

Understanding For Effective Composting

Understanding these critical factors when composting allows for efficient, speedy break down of yard and kitchen wastes, turning them into “Black Gold”!


If you provide these items – food, air, and moisture at a good-sized heap – You may get your compost in about fourteen days. The bigger the heap the longer it will take. A poorly attended compost heap can take years to decompose.