The most important reason for hair loss in both men and women is androgenetic alopecia, which is responsible for pattern hair loss about 95 percent of the time. It usually occurs as we get older and is known to grow in predictable stages over different spans of time.
Each of your pores is genetically programmed to follow a predetermined development cycle that causes a number of your follicles to be active for a longer time than other follicles. This is what causes the pattern hair loss that strikes so many men and women.
This sort of baldness does not just appear out of the blue. There are several things that must be present, for example:
- First, male hormones should be present.
- Second, you should have a genetic predisposition toward baldness.
- Third, aging. The first two variables must have the time to take effect.
Both men and women produce testosterone and DHT. But the fact that men create them in larger quantities than girls is why men create pattern hair loss more frequently than women.
- Some of the cells of your hair follicles and sebaceous glands may have elevated levels of this enzyme 5-alpha-reductase.
- Testosterone is converted to DHT by the 5-alpha-reductase enzyme.
- As a result of this DHT, the terminal hairs will begin to miniaturize.
- This will lead to brief, soft vellus hair to grow that won’t supply your scalp with sufficient coverage.
- Gradually, the development phases will get shorter until the vellus hair will stop growing leaving you with a bald spot.
It’s thought that alopecia areata is a disease of the immune system that leads hair follicles to stop producing hairs in some regions of the head. It can get bad enough that the hair on the mind disappears. This is known as alopecia totalis. When all of the hair on the body also drops out it’s called alopecia universalis.
Nearly all the time the hair will return by itself, although anyone afflicted by it understands how upsetting it can be, especially once you’ve been not able to find out its cause. Anyone who feels that they have this kind of baldness should consult a physician who will conduct a physical examination and test your blood to ascertain the specific cause of the hair loss.
There’s a sort of hair loss called telogen effluvium that’s characterized by a shedding or thinning of their hair over a few months and is generally found in those who have experienced a recent injury such as major surgery, childbirth, chemotherapy, emotional stress or a severe illness.
Fortunately, the hair loss that comes with telogen effluvium is generally temporary and reversible.
There are other less common causes of hair loss which will have to be discounted before you or your physician can select the most appropriate course of treatment like traction alopecia that is hair loss caused by constantly pulling it. This is usually brought on by hair styling.
As you can see, figuring out the actual reason for hair loss isn’t very simple or straightforward. But after you and your physician have figured out the cause, you should begin working on restoring your hair to what it once was.
O que fazer?
Eat a balanced diet. A balanced diet is a vital part of healthy hair care. Eat a balanced diet to give your hair with the ideal number of nutrients. You should eat a balanced diet consisting of plenty of fruits and vegetables, protein, and fiber. Since hair is mainly composed of protein, your diet must consist of adequate protein from food source like fish, meat, milk, cheese, and soy. Protein will make your hair stronger and prevent hair from breaking. Also, you should drink at least 10 glasses of water every day. If you don’t get enough vitamins, minerals from food, you should think about taking supplements. These vitamins and supplements are thought to be beneficial for your skin and hair.