Bitter melon , Bitter gourd

The bitter melon or bitter gourd is the bitterest of all vegetables known to humanity, but it’s also the most medicinally effective. Though bitter, its fruit is eaten as a vegetable and can be used to create several mouthwatering dishes particularly in India. In India, the bitter gourd is referred to as the karela. Its biological title is Momordica charantia.


Morphologically, the bitter melon is an herbaceous vine that bears tendrils and it creeps along supports. Leaves are simple and alternate, and flowers are yellowish. Male and female flowers grow on separate plants. The fruit of this plant, which is referred to as the bitter melon, has an oblong shape with a warty outside and is dark green in colour.

Bitter melon possesses various chemicals like charantin, peptides including insulin and lots of alkaloids. Due to these components, bitter melon is very widely utilized in treating diabetes mellitus.


Bitter melon is a valuable vegetable. It’s beneficial in most physiological and metabolic processes of the human body. It has the following properties:-

      • Bitter melon consists of various chemicals which have a hypoglycemic activity, i.e. they decrease the amount of sugar in the blood.
      • Bitter melon stimulates appetite.
      • Bitter melon will help in the whole digestion procedure. Hence it is used in treatment of digestive issues.
      • Bitter melon has emetic, purgative and anthelmentic properties. Additionally it is anti-flatulent.
      • Bitter melon is used in the dissolution of fats in the body. It’s known to have anti-lipolytic properties.
      • Bitter melon owns all of the vital vitamins in good quantities, such as vitamin A, thiamine, riboflavin, vitamin C and also minerals such as iron.
      • Bitter melon is anti inflammatory and astringent. It has specific action on the motion of bowels.


      • Anorexia – Bitter melon is an appetite stimulant. Hence it is used in the treatment of anorexia, a disease in which a man is not able to consume the required amount of food.
      • Blood Impurities – Bitter gourd is used as a blood purifier because of the bitter tonic properties. It may cure boils and other blood related issues that appear on the skin. For therapy, a cupful of the juice of the bitter melon has to be taken every day in the morning, using a teaspoon of the juice of the citrus lemon inside.
      • Diabetes Mellitus – A lot has been written recently about the very beneficial facets of bitter melon in treating diabetes. As already discussed above, bitter melon has a plethora of bitter compounds in which, which can be hypoglycemic in actions. Additionally, it has at least one substance that resembles the insulin secreted by the human pancreatic glands. Hence, bitter melon is very helpful in treating diabetes mellitus. Doctors throughout the world prescribe having either bitter melon juice early in the morning or to incorporate it in another fashion from the daily diet. Regular use of bitter melon over a period of time will help to bring the blood glucose level down.
      • Diarrhea- For instance, the juice of a sour lemon is blended with the juice of the spring onions, both tsp in quantity. This is then added using the juice of a lemon. This juice is provided to the patient twice daily. This remedy is also helpful in treating the nausea that is caused as a result of cholera.
      • Hangovers – The juice of the bitter melon is excellent cure for hangovers. Additionally it is very beneficial in preventing the liver damage that occurs because of excessive alcoholism.
      • Piles – In case of piles, the fresh juice of bitter melons is prescribed to the individual with positive outcomes. Three teaspoons of juice of the bitter melon leaves is to be pulled each morning, added to a glassful of buttermilk and then consumed on an empty stomach. Carrying this out routine for thirty days will treat piles completely. Even externally, the glue of the leaves of these piles could be implemented over the hemorrhoids.
      • Pyorrhea – Pyorrhea is bleeding from the gums. Including bitter melon from the daily diet or using some of its juice daily on an empty stomach will help to decrease this problem.
      • Respiratory Problems – The paste of the leaves of the bitter melon is mixed with equal quantities of the glue of tulsi leaves. This can be taken with honey every morning for a prevention and treatment for respiratory problems like asthma, bronchitis, frequent colds and pharyngitis.
      • Skin Infections – In case of scabies, psoriasis and ringworm, etc. one cup of bitter melon juice has to be consumed each morning on an empty stomach. This juice can be made more potent by adding a teaspoonful amount of the juice of the lime in it. Additionally it is utilized in prevention of leprosy in exposed areas of the world.

Меры предосторожности

There’s been some indication that the juice of the karela may cause abortion of fetuses in pregnant women. More research on this is happening. At exactly the exact same time, efforts are being made to extract the crucial elements of the bitter melon in a more suitable and safe form for human consumption.